Brazil is the third largest corn-producing country in the world. mays) races in Mexico. Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes/Dirección General de Culturas Populares, Mexico City, pp 123–154, Perales H, Golicher D (2014) Mapping maize diversity in Mexico. The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits. In: Slottje DJ (ed) Advances in econometrics, income distribution and scientific methodology. Here we describe and analyze the geographic distribution and diversity of maize using a database of 18,176 georeferenced observations of maize races. Few races are widespread, and some have a highly localized distribution. max) between two records of the same race was 1169 km, but seven races had a D Yale University Press, New Haven, Brush SB, Perales H (2007) A maize landscape: ethnicity and agro-biodiversity in Chiapas Mexico. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=dismo/. Brazil: Brazil is the third largest corn-producing country in the world. The various hypotheses regarding the origin and variability of maize according to Alexander Grobman. PubMed  Masters thesis, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillos, Estado de Mexico, Mexico, Ortega-Paczka R (2003) La diversidad del maíz en México. Acessed 6 Feb 2014, Rabinowitz D (1981) Seven forms of rarity. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Wiley, New York, Reif J, Warburton M, Xia X, Hoisington D, Crossa J, Taba S, Muminović J, Bohn M et al (2006) Grouping of accessions of Mexican races of maize revisited with SSR markers. The other leading countries in maize production are Mexico, France, South Africa, Canada, Italy, Indonesia, Ukraine, Philippines, Nigeria, Egypt, Vietnam, Serbia, Hungary, Russia, Turkey, etc. Its average annual production … Google Scholar, Elith J, Leathwick JR (2009) Species distribution models: ecological explanation and prediction across space and time. parviglumis) in central America at least as early 9,000 years ago. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102:949–954, Phillips SJ, Anderson RP, Schapire RE (2006) Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions. This book examines one of the thorniest problems of ancient American archaeol- ogy: the origins and domestication of maize. Races of maize in Mexico, their origin, characteristics and distribution / [by] E.J. PubMed  Crop Sci 43:1100–1108, Jarvis D, Brown A, Cuong P, Collado-Panduro L, Latournerie-Moreno L, Gyawali S, Tanto T et al (2008) A global perspective of the richness and evenness of traditional crop-variety diversity maintained by farming communities. Maize is widely grown in UP, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, etc. Corn is used as livestock feed, as … China is the second largest maize-producing country. Corn, (Zea mays), also called Indian corn or maize, cereal plant of the grass family (Poaceae) and its edible grain. Cobs from the Tehuac á n Valley, Mexico, showing the full evolutive sequence of domestication from c. 5000 BC (the small cob, on the left) to AD 1500 (the largest cob, on the right). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105:5326, Jost L (2006) Entropy and diversity. Int J Climatol 25:1965–1978, Hijmans RJ, Phillips S, Leathwick J, Elith J (2013) dismo: Species distribution modeling. Accessed 6 Feb 2014, Jarvis A, Ferguson ME, Williams DE, Guarino LP, Jones G, Stalker HT, Valls J et al (2003) Biogeography of wild Arachis: assessing conservation status and setting future Priorities. The Bussey Institution, Harvard University, Cambridge, Yu J, Dobson FS (2000) Seven forms of rarity in mammals. Econ Bot 54:43–59, Ureta C, González-Salazar C, González EJ, Álvarez-Buylla ER, Martínez-Meyer E (2013) Environmental and social factors account for Mexican maize richness and distribution: a data mining approach. American Society of Agronomy Madison, Wisconsin, Hawkes JG (1983) The diversity of crop plants. Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental, UNAM, Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro No. It is now universally admitted that Maize or Indian com is a native of America. Physica-Verlag HD, New York, pp 241–267, Harlan J (1975) Crops and man. Copyright 10. Origin and Distribution Maize was the staple food for a number of civilizations in the Americas over several millennia preceding the arrival of Europeans in the late 15th century. Am J Bot 72:629–639, CAS  Econ Bot 50:26–39, Bray JR, Curtis JT (1957) An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Anderson E, Cutler H (1942) Races of Zea mays: I. Oikos 113:363–375, Kato T, Mapes C, Mera L, Serratos J, Bye R (2009) Origen y diversificación del maíz: una revisión analítica. Correspondence to The center of origin of maize is in Mexico and maize diversity is very high in many parts of the country. The major producing areas are Hopei, Yuman and Kirin. Maize is widely grown in UP, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, etc. Article  Content Filtrations 6. Disclaimer 9. Agrociencia 5:3–30, Hijmans RJ, Spooner DM (2001) Geographic distribution of wild potato species. Am J Bot 95:1240–1253, Wellhausen E, Roberts J, Roberts LM, Hernandez XE (1952) Races of maize in Mexico, their origin, characteristics, and distribution. Ecol Monogr 27:325–349, Brush SB (2000) Genes in the field: on-farm conservation of crop diversity. Econ Bot 45:176–189. USA, China and Brazil are the leading maize-producing countries in the world. The first English settlers found the northern Indians growing a hard-kerneled, early-maturing flint variety that kept… Computer program and documentation distributed by the author. INIFAP, Tepatitlan de Morelos, Sanchez J, Goodman M, Stuber C (2000) Isozymatic and morphological diversity in the races of maize of Mexico. Maize (Zea mays ssp. Its average annual maize production is 310 million metric tons. mays) originated in Mexico and Central America and belongs to the tribe Maydae of the family Poaceae. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Here we describe and analyze the geographic distribution and diversity of maize using a database of 18,176 georeferenced observations of maize races. The first author thanks University of California Institute for Mexico and the United States (UC MEXUS) and National Council for Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACYT) for Ph.D. fellowship and a dissertation grant, and Research Center on Environmental Geography at National Autonomous University of Mexico (CIGA-UNAM) for a postdoctoral fellowship. Scholars agree that maize was domesticated from the plant teosinte (Zea mays spp. The word maize is derived from the Spanish form of indigenous Taino word for the plant maize. Conserv Biol 9:1189–1198, Conabio (2013) Base maízces nativos [online]. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, Mexico City, Kraft KH, Brown CH, Nabhan GP, Luedeling E, Luna Ruíz J, Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Hijmans RJ, Gepts P (2014) Multiple lines of evidence for the origin of domesticated chili pepper, Capsicum annuum, in Mexico. … Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111:14094–14099, CAS  PLoS ONE 5:e12060, van Etten J, Fuentes López M, Molina Monterroso L, Ponciano Samayoa K (2008) Genetic diversity of maize (Zea mays L. ssp. http://www.r-project.org/. PLoS-One 9(12):e114657, Article  Table 5.3 Major maize-producing countries of the world: Apart from above mentioned major maize-producing countries, the other important countries are: Ukraine, Philippines, Nigeria, Egypt, Vietnam, Serbia, Hungary, Russia, Romania, Thailand, Ethiopia, Turkey, Poland, Zimbabwe, etc. Accesed 10 Jun 2013, De Candolle A (1892) Origin of cultivated plants. The center of origin of maize is in Mexico and maize diversity is very high in many parts of the country. This publication was compiled under the auspices of the Rockefeller Foundation, with the object of providing an inventory of the maize breeding material available in Mexico. Crop Sci 48:1502–1512, Ruiz Corral JA, Hernandez Casillas JM, Sanchez Gonzalez JJ, Ortega Corona A, Ramirez Ojeda G, Guerrero Herrera MJ, Aragon Cuevas F et al (2013) Ecologia, adaptacion y distribucion actual potencial de las razas mexicanas de maiz. The distribution of maize in the world is shown in Figure 5.3. Website http://www.biodiversidad.gob.mx/genes/proyectoMaices.html. Corn is produced almost in all parts of China. Despite the high sample size, further sampling could improve estimates of race diversity in several regions. Maize (/ m eɪ z / MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. Most of the corn is grown in the Pampa region. India ranks 6th in the global maize production. In: Syne H (ed) The biological aspects of rare plant conservation. Computer program and documentation distributed by the author. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution Report a Violation, Rice Production in the World (Country-Wise Production), Production and Distribution of Barley around the World (with statistical information), Barley Cultivation: Useful Notes on Barley Cultivation.

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