This fantastic wetland site is located north of Southport town centre and has some of the best wildlife in the region. [6], In The Tables Turned, Romantic poet William Wordsworth references the song thrush, writing, Hark, how blithe the throstle sings Only the female broods the chicks, but both parents feed them. It has brown upperparts which are warmer in tone than those of the nominate form, an olive-tinged rump and rich yellow background colour to the underparts. [27][28][29] As with other passerine birds, parasites are common, and include endoparasites, such as the nematode Splendidofilaria (Avifilaria) mavis whose specific name mavis derives from this thrush. They creep and flutter from the nest, and remain in nearby cover for a few days. [30] A Russian study of blood parasites showed that all the fieldfares, redwings and song thrushes sampled carried haematozoans, particularly Haemoproteus and Trypanosoma. The nest, built entirely by the female, is low down in any suitable cover, including trees and shrubs, among creepers on walls, on ledges, and on the ground amongst thick vegetation. It flies in loose flocks which cross the sea on a broad front rather than concentrating at short crossings (as occurs in the migration of large soaring birds), and calls frequently to maintain contact. It is omnivorous and has the habit of using a favourite stone as an "anvil" on which to break open the shells of snails. [8], A molecular study indicated that the song thrush's closest relatives are the similarly plumaged mistle thrush (T. viscivorus) and Chinese thrush (T. mupinensis); these three species are early offshoots from the Eurasian lineage of Turdus thrushes after they spread north from Africa. The first fine careless rapture![41]. It breeds up to the tree-line, reaching 2,200 metres (7,250 ft) in Switzerland. [16] In New Zealand, where it was introduced on both the main islands, the song thrush quickly established itself and spread to surrounding islands such as the Kermadecs, Chatham and Auckland Islands. [6] Mavis is derived via Middle English mavys and Old French mauvis from Middle Breton milhuyt meaning "thrush. Following the floods this winter, watch how one area is using nature as a natural protector. The thrush often uses a favorite stone as an "anvil" on which to break the shell of the snail before extracting the soft body and invariably wiping it on the ground before consumption. The song also inspired the nineteenth-century British writer Thomas Hardy, who spoke in Darkling Thrush of the bird's "full-hearted song evensong/Of joy illimited",[42] but twentieth-century British poet Ted Hughes in Thrushes concentrated on its hunting prowess: "Nothing but bounce and/stab/and a ravening second". Mimicry may include the imitation of man-made items like telephones,[14] and the song thrush will also repeat the calls of captive birds, including exotics such as the white-faced whistling duck. Find out more about the nature and wildlife outside your window. It reaches to 75°N in Norway, but only to about 60°N in Siberia. [5] Throstle dates back to at least the fourteenth century and was used by Chaucer in the Parliament of Fowls. [11] For its weight, this species has one of the loudest bird calls. Return migration varies between mid-February around the Mediterranean to May in northern Sweden and central Siberia. Since the song thrush has two or three broods a year, the breeding season is long and lasts from March to August. Normal clutch size is 3-5, with one egg laid each day. The chicks are fed primarily on worms, but slugs, caterpillars, and even fruit can feature in the diet, especially when dry weather limits access to worms. They are less closely related to other European thrush species such as the blackbird (T. merula) which are descended from ancestors that had colonised the Caribbean islands from Africa and subsequently reached Europe from there. The song thrush's characteristic song, with melodic phrases repeated twice or more, is described by the nineteenth-century British poet Robert Browning in his poem Home Thoughts, from Abroad: That's the wise thrush; he sings each song twice over, [11], The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, "Power capabilities of the avian sound-producing system", "Differences in behaviour of closely related thrushes (, "A Review of the impact of Mammalian Predators on Farm Songbird Population Dynamics", "Estudio con microscopia electrónica de barrido de adultos de, "Occurrence of avian haematozoa in Ekaterinburg and Irkutsk districts of Russia", "Further observations on the significance of wild birds as hosts of, International Journal of Medical Microbiology, "Migratory Passerine Birds as Reservoirs of Lyme Borreliosis in Europe", "Bird casualties on European roads — a review", "The Darkling Thrush: A Centennial Appreciation", "Bird remains from a rock-shelter in Krucza Skala (Central Poland)", "Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations – Directive 79/409/EEC – Conservation of wild birds – Hunting using limed twigs – Summary of the Judgment", "El Tribunal de la UE condena a España por permitir la caza con 'parany' en la Comunidad Valenciana", Ageing and sexing (PDF; 1.7 MB) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta & Gerd-Michael Heinze, Feathers of Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Song_thrush&oldid=985077553, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 20:25. The onset of breeding is determined by the weather, which can bring it forward or delay it by several days. [49] In 2003 and 2004 the EU tried, but failed, to stop this practice in the Valencian region. [6], In Spain, this species is normally caught as it migrates through the country, often using birdlime which, although banned by the European Union, is still tolerated and permitted in the Valencian Community. [15], Birds of the nominate subspecies were introduced to New Zealand and Australia by acclimatisation societies between 1860 and 1880, apparently for purely sentimental reasons. [37], The song thrush has an extensive range, estimated at 10 million square kilometres (3.8 million square miles), and a large population, with an estimated 40 to 71 million individuals in Europe alone. Great ideas on how your garden, or even a small backyard or balcony, can become a mini nature reserve. Nesting The onset of breeding is determined by the weather, which can bring it forward or delay it by several days. It can take three weeks to complete. The island subspecies T. p. hebridensis breeds in more open country, including heathland, and in the east of the song thrush's Eurasian range, the nominate subspecies is restricted to the edge of the dense conifer forests.

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