[14], In Brazil, cashew fruit juice and the fruit pulp are used in the production of sweets, juice, alcoholic beverages, such as cachaça, and as a flour, milk or cheese. [25] Iron, potassium, zinc, and selenium are present in significant content (14-61% DV) (table). It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Raw cashews are 5% water, 30% carbohydrates, 44% fat, and 18% protein (table). The cashew seed is often considered a nut in the culinary sense; this cashew nut is eaten on its own, used in recipes, or processed into cashew cheese or cashew butter. Prev Article . Day temperatures for growing cashews should not drop below 10°C (50 °F), and cashew trees handle temperatures above 40°C (105°F) well. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Following harvest and the removal of the nuts, the apples are spread on the ground under trees and courtyards and allowed to lose water and ferment. Cashews are the nuts produced from the cashew tree. [1] The top end of the cashew apple is attached to the stem that comes off the tree. [citation needed], The true fruit of the cashew tree is a kidney– or boxing-glove–shaped drupe that grows at the end of the cashew apple. [1] The top end of the cashew apple is attached to the stem that comes off the tree. Reactions to cashew and tree nuts can also occur as a consequence of hidden nut ingredients or traces of nuts that may inadvertently be introduced during food processing, handling, or manufacturing, particularly in people of European descent. These include polyols, which have recently seen increased demand for their biobased origin and key chemical attributes such as high reactivity, range of functionalities, reduction in blowing agents, and naturally occurring fire retardant properties in the field of rigid polyurethanes, aided by their inherent phenolic structure and larger number of reactive units per unit mass.[18]. The fruit is usually blended to form a sweet fruit juice, but it can also be made into a dessert. The juice extracted from cashew fruits is also used in alcohol production after being fermented for a couple of days and later going through a double-distillation process. [25], For some 6%[citation needed] of people, cashews can lead to complications or allergic reactions[26][27][28] which may be life-threatening. Anacardic acid is also used in the chemical industry for the production of cardanol, which is used for resins, coatings, and frictional materials. [11] Called the cashew apple, better known in Central America as marañón, it ripens into a yellow or red structure about 5–11 cm (2.0–4.3 in) long. In Goan cuisine, both roasted and raw kernels are used whole for making curries and sweets. It is edible and has a strong "sweet" smell and taste. [33] CNSL-based Novolac is another versatile industrial monomer deriving from cardanol typically used as a reticulating agent for epoxy matrices in composite applications providing good thermal and mechanical properties to the final composite material. Cashew shell oil is also used in pharmaceuticals industries. [15] In Panama, the cashew fruit is cooked with water and sugar for a prolonged time to make a sweet, brown, paste-like dessert called dulce de marañón (marañón being a Spanish name for cashew). The bottom end of the cashew apple attaches to the cashew nut, which is encased in a shell. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Access to Market Data and Supply Chain Visibility offer Economic Boost to Ghana Cashew Farmers", "It's cashew time at the fair and on the plate (translated)", "Potential biological applications of bio-based anacardic acids and their derivatives", "War-scarred Ivory Coast aims to conquer the world of cashews", "Tanzania riots over cashew nut payments", "Cashew nut workers suffer 'appalling' conditions as global slump dents profits", "Full Report (All Nutrients): 12087, Nuts, cashew nuts, raw, database version SR 27", "Exposure and Use Data for Cashew Nut Shell Liquid", United States Environmental Protection Agency, "Bioresins Derived from Cashew Nutshell Oil", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cashew&oldid=987602130, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [30], This natural oil phenol has interesting chemical structural features that can be modified to create a wide spectrum of biobased monomers. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on October 25 2018 in World Facts. Benin, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Tanzania, Mozambique, Indonesia, and Brazil also had significant production of cashew kernels. The tree can grow as high as 14 m (46 ft), but the dwarf cashew, growing up to 6 m (20 ft), has proven more profitable, with earlier maturity and greater yields.

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